Plant Biochemistry Notes 2023 MSc Botany 2nd Semester

Plant Biochemistry Notes 2023 MSc Botany 2nd Semester..Plant Biochemistry pdf Notes 2023 MSc Botany 2nd Semester.Plant Biochemistry pdf Notes 2023 MSc Botany 2nd Semester

What is a plant biochemistry?

Plant biochemistry is the study of the biochemistry of autotrophic organisms such as photosynthesis and other plant specific biochemical processes

Who is the father of plant biochemistry?

Carl Alexander Neuberg (29 July 1877 – 30 May 1956) was an early pioneer in biochemistry, and he is often referre to as the “father of modern biochemistry”.

ATP synthesis  Definition

ATP synthesis involves the transfer of electrons from the intermembrane space, through the inner membrane, back to the matrix. The transfer of electrons from the matrix to the intermembrane space leads to a substantial pH difference between the two sides of the membrane (about 1.4 pH units).

What is CO2 fixation?

Carbon Fixation Definition. “Carbon fixation is the process by which plants fix atmospheric carbon to form organic compounds.” All the autotrophs, bacteria, algae and plants fix atmospheric carbon dioxide by the process of photosynthesis or chemosynthesis.

What is RuBisCO and how is it use?

Ribulose-1,5-bisphosphate carboxylase oxygenase, most commonly known by the shorter name RuBisCO, is an enzyme that catalyses the first major step of carbon fixation, a process by which atmospheric carbon dioxide and water are converte to energy-rich molecules such as glucose, using sunlight.

Where is RuBisCO found?

RuBisCO is found in the mesophyll cell of C3 plants, where carbon fixation through the Calvin cycle takes place.

Enzyme kinetics

Enzyme kinetics is the study of the rates of enzyme-catalysed chemical reactions. In enzyme kinetics, the reaction rate is measured and the effects of varying the conditions of the reaction are investigated.

What do you mean by C3 cycle?

“Calvin cycle or C3 cycle is defined as a set of chemical reactions performed by the plants to reduce carbon dioxide and other compounds into glucose.

C4 Plants Definition

C4 plant fixes CO2 into a molecule containing four carbon atoms before initiating the Calvin cycle of photosynthesis.

What regulates photosynthesis?

Photosynthesis is tightly regulated via a feedback network that controls the activity of the light-harvesting antenna and prevents photodamage.

light reaction photosystem definition

Photosystems are structures within the thylakoid membrane that harvest light and convert it to chemical energy. Each photosystem is composed of several light-harvesting complexes that surround a reaction center.

MSc Botany 2nd Semester Notes 2023

1 –Plant EcologyDownload – View
2 –GeneticsDownload – View
3 –Plant BiochemistryDownload – View
4 –Plant PhysiologyDownload – View
5 –Plant AnatomyDownload – View